2 Oct 2016

Quiz 26- 10 Questions on Physical Exercise : Answer

" Thomas Jefferson…said, not less than two hours a day should be devoted to exercise…If the man who wrote the Declaration of Independence, was Secretary of State, and twice President, could give it two hours, our children can give it ten or fifteen minutes." - John Fitzgerald Kennedy

1.This term is derived from a Greek word meaning “to exercise naked,” and was applied in ancient Greece to all exercises practiced in a place where male athletes exercised unclothed. Many of these exercises came to be included in the ancient Olympic Games. Which word?

Ans: Gymnasium from the Greek word gymnazein.

2.This term was coined by American physician Kenneth Cooper in his exercise book . He used the term to describe exercises that use oxygen to keep large muscle groups moving continuously for at least 20 minutes. Based on this definition, the term  came to refer to calisthenics taught to music. Judi Sheppard Missett and Jacki Sorensen were two early pioneers of this exercise . Jane Fonda and Richard Simmons helped popularize this exercise during the 1980s through instructional videotapes and television programs. What type of fitness exercise ?

Ans: Aerobics

3. This  is probably the world's most popular martial art because tens of millions of people in China practice it as daily exercise. It is characterized by deliberately slow, rhythmic movements that are circular and continuous. These movements are based on stylized renditions of ancient kung fu arm and foot blows. As per legend this martial art and exercise was started by Zhang San-feng a monk who had studied martial arts for many years. He observed a fight between a snake and a crane in which the snake won through relaxed, evasive movements and quick counterstrikes. Inspired by the snake’s loose but controlled movements, Zhang San-feng devised a fighting form that emphasized strength, balance, flexibility, and speed. Over the centuries, it has evolved into a system of exercise that utilizes soft, slow, relaxed movements.Which martial art or exercise?

Ans:  Tai chi chuan (Chinese for "great ultimate fist"), or simply Tai chi,

4. Although he is traditionally believed to be the founder of yoga and the author of the four volume Yoga-sutra, many scholars believe that the name is a  pseudonym and credit more than one author for writing yoga-sutra under this name.One of the reasons for this conclusion being that the first three volumes were apparently written in the 2nd century BC and the last book in the 5th century AD. Which Indian scholar or scholars are we talking of?

Ans: Patanjali

5. In Sanskrit it is called Vinyasa Yoga, and is practiced by people looking for the benefits of yoga without the methodical pace. In this Yoga a person moves quickly through the asanas, not holding them as long as in other styles of yoga. Under what name is this yoga known in the west?

Ans: Power Yoga

6. It was developed by Per Henrik Ling, founder of the teacher-training centre, the Royal Gymnastics Central Institute, in Stockholm. Ling devised and taught a system of gymnastic exercises designed to produce medical benefits for the athlete. From these exercise evolved free calisthenics; that is, exercises without the use of hand apparatus such as clubs, wands, and dumbbells. Although Ling did not promote competition, free calisthenics evolved into a competitive sport . By what name do we know the sport?

Ans:  Floor Exercise, in gymnastics

7. Pole dancing which is generally associated with strip clubs and night clubs is today gaining popularity as a form of fitness, practiced by many enthusiasts in gyms and in dedicated dance studios. Pole dancing which can be used as both an aerobic and anaerobic workout was used as an exercise more than 800 years ago in India, especially by the wrestlers. Today however it is practiced as a sport here. What is this exercise/ sport called ?

Ans: Mallakhamba.  

8. In the mid 1990s  Alberto "Beto" Perez, a Colombian dancer and choreographer forgot his tape of aerobics music for a class he was teaching. He went to his car, which had some music – consisting of non-traditional salsa and merengue music –  he improvised his class using this non-traditional aerobics music and a trend caught on. After finding initial success in Columbia, he moved to the United States where he teamed up with Alberto Perlman and a childhood friend, Alberto Aghion and the trio built a company based on Alberto Perez's fitness philosophy. (Imagine three Alberto's as the head of a company!) Which well known brand was thus created?

Ans: Zumba fitness.

9.The build up of which chemical is responsible for the burning sensation  and acute soreness in the muscle during and after a heavy exercise?

Ans: Lactic acid

10. This year the Indian Postal department released a set of stamps on some exercises, what were they collectively known as? (blanked out in the stamp)

Ans: Surya Namaskara

1 comment:

  1. Scores Below.

    Salvinus 57
    Annie 36
    Balasubramanian Viswanatha 36
    Ancil 23
    Sahil H R 23
    Suraj 15
    Ajey 15
    Ameya 10
    Gouthami 10
    Vidyadhar Gadgil 10
    Rajiv 7
    Anil Rodrigues 7
    Amit Shet 5
    Paul 4
    Raghunandan 4
    Madhura 4